Solar Battery: An idiots guide
There have been several government schemes to increase the number of houses using Solar panels, with incentives offered to homeowners including free installation. Once solar panels are fitted you can reduce your electricity bill by harnessing the power of natural sunlight to produce energy. Whilst there is a wide range of solar panels available, one of the most important parts is often neglected; the storage of solar power.
What is even better, is that you don’t need solar panels fitted to use solar batteries. If you are on an Economy 7 (night and day) tariff you could use solar batteries to store energy to use during peak times, paying the night tariff to charge them. However, let’s focus on using solar batteries linked to a solar panel system.
What are solar batteries & how do they work?
Solar batteries store the energy produced by solar panels and many homeowners have been caught out by purchasing poor quality batteries and then not seeing the savings expected. By storing solar energy in a good quality battery, you not only save the power for when you need it, such as a cloudy day but reduce your bills even further. By storing energy for when you need it you don’t need to buy additional energy from your electricity provider. The free energy produced by solar panels lasts even longer!
Solar batteries help make homes even more self-sufficient and less reliant on the national grid for electricity. In an ideal world, every home would be self-sufficient, but we are a little way from that yet! With cuts to the benefits of Feed-In-Tariffs (how much you can be paid for the extra energy produced by solar panels), it makes even more sense to purchase a good quality solar battery and safeguard your future energy costs.
This is a great video explaining the concept & how the solar battery works
What are the best solar batteries?
This will entirely depend on what level of storage you want and how often you are likely to use the battery for stored energy. More and more companies are entering the market and creating a wide range of sizes, from 1kWh (kilowatt-hour) to 14kWh. The bigger the battery, the more you can store.
A kilowatt-hour is the standard unit used by all energy companies to measure your use and refers to 1000 Watts of power used per hour. The average home, depending on size and occupants, will use between 2000 kWh and 4,500 kWh of electricity per year. One kWh is roughly the same as watching TV for three hours or boiling a kettle ten times.
A typical solar battery will cost between £2000 and £4000, but most people will pay less than £4000 for a good quality battery. Most batteries come with a 10-year warranty, protecting your investment for a long period of time and guaranteeing you won’t need a new one for a while. Unfortunately, solar batteries do not currently have the same longevity as solar panels, so you are likely to need to replace them at some point, but they are getting better, and more companies are extending the life of their solar batteries. See Tesla Powerwall .FYI – Post coming soon!
Lead acid batteries can be purchased for a lot cheaper, but they tend to be less efficient and wear out much more quickly. Lithium-Ion batteries are usually the best option for a long-term solution and most manufacturers only make Lithium Ion batteries as they are much longer-lasting.
Some of the more recent developments in solar batteries include linking to smart technologies such as an app or Wi-Fi, which can display a range of information including the charge level of the battery, usage, and savings made.
Anything else I should consider?
Always get three quotes from registered installers and check the warranty and how many charge cycles each battery is guaranteed for. Like any rechargeable battery, the more it is used the less efficient it becomes and having more charge cycles means it will last even longer. Typically, you can expect 5,000 to 10,000 cycles, but some companies are offering an unlimited warranty on charge cycles now.
Solar batteries are not recommended for a D.I.Y. enthusiast to fit themselves and work must be carried out by a registered engineer. Many suppliers will not sell solar batteries to members of the public and will insist on seeing the correct documentation before sale.
Always bear in mind there will be some maintenance costs involved with a solar battery and the engineer can explain how regularly you should have the battery maintained and the expected costs over the lifetime of the battery. These costs will vary by manufacturer and model so be careful not to get caught out with unexpected future costs.
The engineer can advise on the best type of solar battery for your needs, as well as advising on the placement of the battery. They are not small units and you will need to ensure there is enough space to fit them. You will also need to know the type of power (AC or DC) and whether your solar panels allow for a retrofitted battery (most do, but some batteries are specific to certain systems).
Thanks, Rich, Ecoforhome.com